NPs can positively impact healthcare costs

Chen, C., McNeese-Smith, D., Cowan, M., Upenieks, V. & Afifi, A. (2009). Evaluation of a nurse practitioner-led care management model in reducing inpatient drug utilization and cost. Nursing Economics, 27 (3), 160-168.

Chenoweth, D., Martin, N., Pankowski, J. & Raymond, L.W. (2008). Nurse practitioner services: Three-year impact on health care costs. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 50(11), 1293-1298.

Dierick-van Daele, A.T.M., Steuten, L.M.G., Metsemakers, J.F.M., Derckx, E.W.C.C., Spreeuwenberg, C. & Vrijhoef, H.J.M. (2010). Economic evaluation of nurse practitioners versus GPs in treating common conditions. British Journal of General Practice, 60 (570), e28-35.

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